Definition of sportThe definition of sport refers to those physical activities that have as a general objective a triple objective that would be to improve the physical condition of the sports practitioner, develop the social relations of people.
However, we must consider that sports are carried out individually and collectively, all depending on the type of sport in question as well as being organized in competitions.
On the other hand, sports are regulated especially when practiced with a competitive intention being an entertainment for the spectators who observe how other people practice it.
Sports classification:Performing a classification of sports is usually very complex mainly this occurs because there are many sports and each of them have their own special characteristics.
Among the classifications that can be highlighted are:
Depending on whether the sport is practiced individually or collectively:
It consists of an athlete competing against other people individually as in the case of artistic gymnastics, athletics, or ski jumping, among many others.
Athletes form a group in which they participate against other teams as examples are football, basketball among many others.
Considering the medium in which sports are practiced, they can be subdivided as follows:
Among land sports we find sports such as mountaineering, Boxing, Cycling, Fencing, Judo, Wrestling, squash, Volleyball etc.
As for sports that take place in aquatic environments, swimming, surfing, rafting, rowing, boating, sailing, Synchronized Swimming, diving, water polo, etc.
Finally, air sports include skydiving, hang gliding, airborne, paragliding, ultralight and motorized flight.
On the other hand, sports can be classified considering whether they use technology or tools or utensils or if instead only the human body.
Considering this are the following:
Ontogenetic sports are sports that are related to the natural movements of the human being such as throwing, running and jumping activities.
In this type of sport the activity is influenced by the creation of technology to be able to practice it, in this case there are activities such as Car Racing, cycling, Sports shooting, etc.
According to the participation of athletes when practicing sports are:
Alternative Participation Sports such as tennis, table tennis ...
Simultaneous Participation Sports such as athletics, fencing, judo races ...
According to the movements of the athletes:
Asymmetric or acyclic (badminton, Olympic shooting, archery, tennis ...)
Symmetrical or cyclic (cycling, athletics races, of swimming ...)
Another classification is based on the season in which they are usually practiced and can be subdivided into the following groups:
How are athletics, rowing, gymnastics, boxing, etc.
Where are curling, bobsled, luge, cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, skeleton, Nordic combined, etc.
According to the relationships between participants:
Cooperation sports without opposition:
In cooperation sports without opposition two or more athletes collaborate and cooperate to achieve the same goal (make the best time, make the most points). For example rowing, acrosport, bobsleigh… etc.
Cooperative sports with opposition:
Two teams face each other. The players of each team cooperate with each other while opposing the opponent, to achieve the goal or objectives set by the sport (score goals, baskets, make points, etc). For example Soccer, Rugby, Basketball ... etc.
Depending on the bioenergetic characteristics they present, they can be classified as follows:
Like the marathon, triathlon, decathlon, etc.
Allactic anaerobic :
As the tests of 50 and 60 meters indoors.
Lactated anaerobic :
As for example, the 400 meters flat in athletics.
That is, aerobic-anaerobic, as examples of this group are Tennis, soccer, Basketball, etc.
By the age of sports initiation and age. They are classified in:
Early initiation sports such as:
This group includes Artistic Gymnastics, Rhythmic Gymnastics, swimming, etc.
Middle maturation sports:
Soccer football, Volleyball, etc. are highlighted here
Late maturation sports:
The Marathon test.
Performance sports are those that must necessarily use tools to measure activity and make comparisons.
At present, the following sports groups have been established taking into account aspects such as the rules that regulate it:
Combat Sports :
Among combat sports are Boxing, Fencing, Fighting, Karate, Taek Won Do, Judo among many others.
Sports with balls :
The main characteristic of this type of sports is that for its realization they use balls and as the main exponents of these are Basketball, Volleyball, Soccer, Tennis Table, Field Tennis, etc.
Competitive art :
This classification includes activities such as Artistic Gymnastics, Rhythmic Gymnastics, Nailed, Synchronized Swimming, Archery, Sports shooting, Chess, etc.
Time and Brands :
In this other group there are sports such as Athletics, Cycling, Swimming, Weightlifting, Kayaking, Rowing, and much more.
Below are the corresponding links to each type of sport so that relevant information about it can be consulted.